The energy sector is a key component of a nation’s critical national infrastructure and economy, making it a prime target for malicious cyber adversaries.

The predominant threat to this sector originates from targeted intrusion adversaries seeking to conduct espionage and reconnaissance against energy companies, or to sabotage industrial processes. eCrime campaigns have been more limited against entities in the energy sector; however, over the last few years, cyber criminals have started to conduct operations tailored to specific entities, rather than casting a wide net for larger profits. In addition, Big Game Hunting operations, though operations against entities in the energy sector are less prevalent compared to others, remains a significant threat. Hacktivism also poses a threat to the energy industry when aligned with physical forms of protest over environmental issues or government policy also poses a threat to the energy sector in the form of disruptions and brand degradation.

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